Chia is high in mucilage and soluble fiber; a variety of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and is a source of essential fatty acids and isoflavone. According to the USDA, a one ounce serving of chia seeds contains 18% of the recommended daily intake of calcium, 42% of dietary fiber, and also contains phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, copper, iron, molybdenum, niacin, and zinc. The major compounds include essential fatty acids such as: alpha-linolenic and linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, the flavanoids: quercetin and kaempferol, and the isoflavone daidzin. Further present in lesser concentrations were tocopherols, polyphenols, carotenoids and phospholipids, and caffeic acids such as rosmarinic acid and chlorogenic acids such as ferulic acid.
Studies on a small group of individuals reveal that topical application of chia oil is beneficial as a soothing moisturizer in cases of itchy irritated skin. Yet most other studies are on individuals who eat the seed for its beneficial effects on supporting cardiovascular health. Chia may also be helpful in maintaining a healthy balance of fats in the bloodstream.