The chamomile herb, particularly its flowers, contains an array of phytonutrients, including flavonoids (mainly apigenin), terpenes (chiefly alpha-bisabolol and chamazulene), and glucosides.
Chamomile’s anti-inflammatory activity is due to the combined action of terpenes and glucosides, which block prostaglandin E, a compound that induces inflammation. These compounds are not only antimicrobial but have also been shown capable of penetrating the skin, making chamomile useful for topical application.
On the other hand, chamomile’s sedative nature is related to flavonoid apigenin, which is thought to bind with benzodiazepine receptors in the brain, inducing sleepiness. Apigenin can also reduce levels of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which is related to the stress response, and it has shown antispasmodic activity, helping reduce gastrointestinal problems.
Chamomile promotes relaxation and supports digestive health*.
Chamomile is a gentle herb known throughout most of the world which has been used continually for many centuries. It is often ingested as tea for calming purposes and to soothe the digestive tract and is mild enough to be administered to babies. Chamomile is soothing to the skin and is often found in lotions and hair products. It is known in commerce as Matricaria recutita and by its synonym Matricaria chamomilla. Common names include German chamomile, Hungarian chamomile, mayweed, sweet false chamomile, and true chamomile.