Used as both a spice and medicine worldwide, pepper offers an array of vitamins and minerals. It is a rich source of vitamins A, E, and K, as well as the minerals calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, and zinc. The antioxidants found in pepper positively affect the body in a variety of ways, including:
Improving digestion. Pepper increases the absorption of several vitamins and minerals and stimulates saliva secretion to ultimately assist with the breakdown of food within the digestive system.
Black pepper is able to increase the bioavailability of other foods and drugs, thus potentiating their effects within the body and stimulating the immune system. Pepper is high in antioxidants, which help the body fight against oxidative stress and harmful pathogens.